Job

Chapter 1 —- Introduction and Background

As promised, I wanted to share with you my notes on Job 1. The first tidbit I would love to share is from my perusal of the Hebrew meaning of Job’s name. Job, in Hebrew, means hated or persecuted. So, with that little info let us continue to his character and then make a connection. The introduction to Job’s character starts in verse 1. “There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was blameless and upright, and one who feared God and shunned evil.”There are four words: blameless; upright; feared God; shunned evil. The first word is blameless; but what does that mean? I’m glad you asked. Before looking it up, I thought it was “peachy” or perfect, but thankfully God gives us human examples in the Bible and not just superhumans. The term blameless is defined as innocent or undefiled. Another thing worth pointing out in regards to this term is its relational aspect. Sin is vertical, between God and man, but blamelessness is horizontal, between you and your fellow man. So, breaking that down, the term means that Job was innocent before his fellow man and had no “record” for grounds of accusation. Next is upright, which means he was honest and just. After that is “he feared God”, which means he was morally reverent. Lastly, he shunned evil by avoiding it entirely.

The second section is his social status. This passage details Job as a possessor of various cattle and a happy father to seven sons and three daughters. Thus, Job was an extremely wealthy man according to his culture.

Two Stages: Heaven & Earth

Verse 6 of Chapter 1 starts with “There was a day,” stating that God had an appointment before that time, but it was on His timing. The sons of God, or angels, presented themselves and Satan showed up. In the phrase “where have you come from,” it is seen that God holds Satan accountable. It is worthy of mentioning that God is the one who brings up Job and describes him as a blameless, upright man who fears God and shuns evil. That is powerful! The GOD OF THE UNIVERSE describes Job in that way. My challenge for you is how does He describe you? He even continues to say there is no one else like him. {Wouldn’t that mean that Job’s friends were not described as blameless or upright?} Nonetheless, their efforts were from the best of their hearts. Verses 9-12, we see Satan claiming that our joy, more specifically Job, comes through our possessions and family. If Job is considered an upright man in God’s eyes and never sinned in his response, are you considered upright?

Then Satan answered the Lord and said, “Does Job fear God for no reason? Have you not put a hedge around him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land. But stretch out your hand and touch all that he has, and he will curse you to your face.” And the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, all that he has is in your hand. Only against him do not stretch out your hand.” So Satan went out from the presence of the Lord.

Job 1: 9-12

From verses 13-22, Satan releases his power given to him by God for His purpose. First, Satan can have power, WHEN GIVEN, over nature and human will since Job’s children are killed by a strong wind and his cattle is attacked by the Sabeans and the Chaldeans. Another noteworthy discovery is that Job’s first response was mourning and worshipping his LORD….. he WORSHIPPED….. is that your response? Look, my goal isn’t to guilt-trip you because, trust me, I have no room to talk. I am simply pointing out what I have observed in my study; I am sharing with you just as much as myself. Furthermore, Job’s statement, “The Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord,” shows that he recognized God as his reason for being wealthy.

Here is a good summary quote I found through my research.

Remember the story of a man who was going to give a pound to some charitable institution. The devil said, ‘No, you cannot afford it.’ ‘Then,’ said the man, ‘I will give two pounds; I will not be dictated to in this way.’ Satan exclaimed, ‘You are a fanatic.’ The man replied, ‘I will give four pounds.’ ‘Ah!’ said Satan, ‘what will your wife say when you go home, and tell her that you have given away four pounds?’ ‘Well,’ said the man, ‘I will give eight pounds now; and if you do not mind what you are at, you will tempt me to give sixteen.’ So the devil was obliged to stop, because the more he tempted him, the more he went the other way. So let it be with us. If the devil would drive us to curse God, let us bless him all the more, and Satan will be wise enough to leave off tempting when he finds that, the more he attempts to drive us, the more we go in the opposite direction.” (Spurgeon)

MY NOTES

Job

Chapter 1

Background

  • Character
    • Blameless
      • Innocent
      • blameless is not sinless
      • Sin is vertical {between God and man}; Blameless is horizontal {between man and his fellow man}
    • Upright
      • Honest, just
    • Feared God
      • Morally reverent
    • Shunned evil
      • Avoided it entirely
  • Social Status
    • Extremely wealthy 
      • Possesions
      • Children
      • Righteousness

{ v. 6-12 }

  • Two staged book : Heavenly and earthly realms
  • “There was a day” 
    • The sons of God (angels) presented themselves thus Satan is an angel although he rebelled
      • Satan is held accountable by God
      • God brings up Job and describes him as v. 1
        • He says there is none like him 
          • Wouldnt that mean that Job’s friends weren’t that way either? Like Job was seeking counsel from the “unqualified” and shouldve just taken it up with God?
  • v. 9-12
    • Satan claims our joy and fear of God comes through our possessions
      • Job was an upright man and we see his response later in the chapter….. is your joy connected to your health? 

{ v. 13-22 }

  • Satan had power over the wind and other certain natural catastrophes. He always makes it appear as though God did it…..
  • Satan attacked Job’s kids: this was a direct attack on Job’s relationship with God since he sacrificed to God on behalf on of his kids
  • Job’s first response was mourning and worship….. WORSHIP….. do we go to God when there is a problem?
  • The phrase “The LORD gave and the LORD has taken away” states that Job acknowledged his wealth was not from his own persona but from God’s mercy

Remember the story of a man who was going to give a pound to some charitable institution. The devil said, ‘No, you cannot afford it.’ ‘Then,’ said the man, ‘I will give two pounds; I will not be dictated to in this way.’ Satan exclaimed, ‘You are a fanatic.’ The man replied, ‘I will give four pounds.’ ‘Ah!’ said Satan, ‘what will your wife say when you go home, and tell her that you have given away four pounds?’ ‘Well,’ said the man, ‘I will give eight pounds now; and if you do not mind what you are at, you will tempt me to give sixteen.’ So the devil was obliged to stop, because the more he tempted him, the more he went the other way. So let it be with us. If the devil would drive us to curse God, let us bless him all the more, and Satan will be wise enough to leave off tempting when he finds that, the more he attempts to drive us, the more we go in the opposite direction.” (Spurgeon)

Here’s my chicken scratch 😄


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